• The main activities of the Department are to carryout Hydrogeological, Geophysical and Hydrological surveys to delineate potential zones of groundwater, including water logging areas and groundwater stressed areas for optimum usage.
  • Ground water surveys for selection of suitable sites for construction of different types of wells for Agriculture, drinking water, Govt. Departments and other usages under WALTA
  • Groundwater investigations in the lands of SC/ST farmers and also exploratory drilling of bore wells which were targeted in the annual action plan under Special Component special development fund/Tribal special development fund.
  • Conducting ground water investigations for selection of sites for construction of Percolation Tanks, Check Dams and Rainwater Harvesting Structures to recharge ground water.
  • Conducting environmental studies for Sand mining, Granite mining and industries of Public and private sectors and also carrying out groundwater pollution studies whenever called by the district administration.
  • According Groundwater clearance to industries through TS-ipass.
  • According technical clearance for infiltration (I.F.) wells for Irrigation and drinking water under Lift irrigation scheme
  • This department is taking up estimation of Groundwater Resources in the district at periodic intervals for scientific planning, development and management for its sustainability. Groundwater estimation is a key role in many programs being taken up by the government
  • Conducting awareness programs in over exploited areas, suggesting on effective utilization, conservation through artificial recharge structures and management.


Water levels are being monitored from the established Piezometers and Observation wells. The detailed monitoring system is as follows.

No. Of Piezometer  wells 66 (Every Month)
No. Of Observation wells for: Non Command Area 22(6 times in a year)
No. Of Observation wells : for Nagarjuna sagar left canal command area 51(6 times in a year)
Mission Kakatiya Observation wells 42(Every Month)
Khammam Muncipality Area ob wells 30( Every month)

The Khammam District Average water level (in m) for the month of September– 2021 is as follows

September 2020 Nov 2020 May 2021 Sep’2021 Difference in Groundwater levels of Sept-‘2021 in comparison to
Nov’2020 May’ 2021 Sept’2020
2.10 2.72 5.79 2.79 0.07 -3.00 0.69



  1. WALTA: From April’2021 to March’2022

Ground water investigations are carried out to select Ground water feasibility under TS-WALTA

Target No. of applications received No. of sites examined No. of sites recommended
15 2 2 2
  1. SAND MINING: From April’2021 to Mrch’2022

Conducting environmental studies for Sand mining /Sand mining in Patta Lands and Industries of Public and Private sectors.

No. of applications received No. of sites examined No. of sites recommended Remarks
Nil Nil Nil

3.FRESH WATER AQUACULTURE SURVEYS: From April’2021 to March’2022

 Ground water investigations are carried out to select suitable fish pond sites under fresh water aquaculture surveys.

Scheme Target No. of sites received No. of sites examined No. of sites recommended Remarks
Aquaculture 43 43 34 28 9 sites to be surveyed

 4.SCSDF-STSDF: From April’2021 to March’2022

 Ground water investigations are carried out to select suitable Ground water extraction structures under SCSDF-STSDF scheme

Scheme Target No. of sites examined No. of sites recommended Remarks
SCSDF 24 0


140 0


Basin wise, Mandal wise and village wise Ground water resource estimation  has been carried out for the base year 2019-20, is  approved by Ministry of Water Resources Govt. of India and to be submitted to the  Government for notification under WALTA act.

  1. Net groudwater availibility (Ha.m):       103651
  2. Net Groundwater Extraction (Ha.m) :       41240
  3. Balance Resources (Ha.m)          :       60548
  4. Stage of Groundwater Extraction (%):       40
  5. Category                           :       Safe
  6. Total No. of Mandals               :       21
  7. No. of Over Exploited Mandals      :       00
  8. No. of Critical Mandals            :       01
  9. No. of Semi-Critical Mandals       :      05
  10. No. of Safe Mandals                :      15
  11.  No. of Over Exploited villages    :      38

The Critical mandal is Vemsoor and Semi-critical mandals are Tirumalayapalem , Raghunadhapalem, Singareni, Penuballi and  Sathupalli in the district.